2019 Ngāti Manu BioBlitz: A win-win for Mātauranga Māori and western science
9:00am - 9:30am, 6 October
Ngairo Te Wehenga Tahere: Ko au te whenua ko te whenua ko au. Ngairo is Ngāti Manu Hapū Māngai rep for Russell Forest, Pōkai o Ngāti Manu Biodiversity Management working under Te Kāhui Kaitiaki o Ngāti Manu mō Te Awatapu o Taumārere and Karetū Māori Committee as directed for the future growth, progress, and development of Ngāti Manu. In April 2018, Ngairo began her 10 year commitment returning to the ahikā (home) to work and engage in the aspirations and strategic priorities of Ngāti Manu.
Dai Morgan: Dai is an Environmental Management tutor at NorthTec in Whangarei. His interests include wildlife management, ornithology and urban ecology. Dai is passionate about community-led conservation, which allows people to take ownership of and protect the areas they are most connected to.
Olivier Ball: Olivier is a tutor in Environmental Management at NorthTec, Whangarei, where he teaches ecology, conservation science, data analysis and research. He has also participated in several collaborative research projects, most significantly, a detailed study of invertebrate communities within the North Cape-Te Paki biodiversity hotspot in northern Northland. He loves a good BioBlitz.
The ancestral lands of Ngāti Manu, located in the Karetu Valley in Northland, New Zealand, were the site of a BioBlitz in October 2019, the first of three such events. I te 2019, i Oketopa mai te maramataka o Ohua ki Oturu, he tūnga mō te BioBlitz kei te mana papatupu o Ngāti Manu i te whārua o Karetū i Peiwhairangi o Aotearoa.
This is part of a collaborative project led by members of the hapū involving several local and national organisations.
Ko Pōkai o Ngāti Manu he hinonga o Ngāti Manu nā tēnei whakatakanga ki ētahi atu rōpū kaiwhakahaere a-rohe, a-motu rānei mahi tahi ai.
The goal of a bioblitz is to document all species encountered within a specified area in order to understand the biodiversity that resides there. The planning for three BioBlitz projects over the next three years was in consultation with the Māori calendar (moon phases) or Mātauranga Māori to inform best practices around Tāne, Tangaroa and Papatūānuku.
Ko te whainga mātua o te BioBlitz, nō mai i ngā mauhanga tonu o ngā momo rauropi ki te takiwā kei te whārua o Karetū, me marama pū e pā ana ki ngā whakapapa kanorau koiora e noho kāinga ana. E ai ki te maramataka ki ngā tikanga mahi o te BioBlitz e pā ana ki a Tāne rātou ko Tangaroa, ko Papatūānuku nei rā te wā tika, te wāhi pai, te wānanga ako.
The effects of European colonisation, including assimilation and the degradation of the natural environment have had a devastating effect on the wellbeing of the tangata whenua, and have created barriers for Māori in their ancestral obligations as kaitiaki.
E hia kē mai ngā iwi taketake o Aotearoa e mōhio pū ana ki te kino o te tāmitanga a tētahi iwi mātua, nā ngā ture me āna uaratanga ki tōna reo me ōna tikanga a te iwi taketake o Aotearoa i whakapākehā, nā ngā ture me āna uaratanga ki te kakahu o Papatūānuku i whakapūwhenua. Inā te awenga e ikitia ana te oranga o te mana whenua e ārai nei e te mana whenua ki tōna haepapatanga ki tōna papatupu hei kaitiaki.
As a whānau, the BioBlitz is seen as an important initial step in the process of correcting this situation. E ai ki a Ngāti Manu, nā Ngāti Manu, mā Ngāti Manu ki tēnei tukanga o te Bioblitz he hononga a whānau e whakahaere, e whakaārahi.
As well as members of the local hapū, NorthTec students and independent individuals, volunteers in the first bioblitz in October 2019 included staff from NorthTec, the Northland Regional Council, University of Auckland, Auckland Museum, Whitebait Connection, Enviro Schools and Forest and Bird, many with skills in identifying birds, herpetofauna, mammals, fish, terrestrial invertebrates, freshwater invertebrates and plants. Ka mana te kōkiri a ētahi o Ngāti Manu, a ētahi akonga mai Northtec, a ngā tūao ki ngā mahi Bioblitz arā rātou ko ngā kaiako mai Northtec, he tangata mai a Northland Regional Council, a Auckland University, a Auckland Musuem, a Whitebait Connection, a Enviro Schools, a Forest and Bird hoki. Kei i a tangata he pukenga ki te tāutuhia i ngā momo manu, momo mokoweri, momo ika, ngai kīrehe, momo tuaiwi-kore, momo whai tuaiwi, momo whāngote anō hoki.
Many taxa were recorded during the three-day BioBlitz including several significant species. Kei ngā rangi e toru, maha ake ngā momo rōpū i mauhanga, a tae atu ana ki ngā momo rōpū hiranga.
The BioBlitz provided a unique opportunity for all participants to enhance, embrace and embed their knowledge of both Mātauranga Māori and western science, and assisted Ngāti Manu in their goal of assessing the health and wellbeing of their takiwā. Nā te whakatakanga mai a te BioBlitz he whiwhinga mā te huinga katoa ki ngā Mātauranga Māori me te western science e tītike, e pūpuri, whakararau ai. I te mutunga iho, nā Ngati Manu, mā Ngāti Manu e ai ki a Ngāti Manu ki Te Herenga o Ngāti Manu.
Ultimately, it is hoped that this will help Ngāti Manu to exercise rangatiratanga and kaitiakitanga over their whenua, awa and moana in accordance with their tikanga. Tuia ki te muka tangata, ka rongo te pō, ka rongo te ao, tuia ki te here tangata i takea mai, Whano! Whano! Haramai te toki, Haumi e, hui e, taiki e