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Meet the Presenters

António Patrāo & Eduardo Marques
10:30am - 11:00am, 5 October

António Patrão  is a forest Engineer by University of Lisbon; Phd Candidate on Territory, Risk and Public Policies, by University of Coimbra. Expert on Fire Management, with international experience, works for the Portuguese Agency for Rural Fire Integrated Management; the mainly focus of his work and research interests is community empowerment and development, based on fire management. Co-founder of the Portuguese International Association of Emergency Management.

Eduardo Marques is the director of Social Work Degree at University of Azores (Faculty of Social and Human Sciences). Assistant professor of social work and community work. Member of VIRCAMP (social work-virtual campus) and professor on the e-course “Community Work from an International Perspective”. Experience on participatory projects / research based on photovoice and visual methodologies. 

In Portugal rural fires are a social problem and the major natural risk. In the last two decades rural fires became bigger and more severe. In 2017 rural fires killed 116 persons. Vast majority of rural fires does not start from natural causes but is directly or indirectly related to human activity. Empowering communities, while engaging stakeholders’ on fire management and community development are key points for the solution of this problem.
The conference it will be a moment to present part of larger ongoing research that aims contribute to the development of a participatory community-based program for rural fire management, that increase the community resilience and the engagement between stakeholders and the individuals/community on fire prevention.
During 2019 three rural communities from Mafra were involved in a participatory action research, using Photovoice as method. The research process was combined with other qualitative method as interviews. Through Photovoice the community was invited to have a voice and use photographs to catalyze personal and community change. 
Results suggest that major concerns of persons are centered on fire prevention and preparedness. Other results points out to the potentialities of the use of this type of qualitative/participatory methods on integrated rural fire management.
Emmanuelle Martinez
Using citizen science to improve our understanding of marine macro-litter in Northland
12:30pm - 1:00pm, 6 October

The current state of the New Zealand environment is a cause of concern, with litter being one of the growing issues we need to address. Finding sound solutions to our litter issue requires knowing the problem in full. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of data regarding the extent of this particular issue, i.e. what type of litter, in what quantity, and from which location. The country’s contribution to the global plastic pollution is also unknown. To address this knowledge gap, the Te Tai Tokerau Debris Monitoring Project (TTTDMP) was initiated in 2019. This collaborative project includes passionate citizen scientists. Indeed, citizen science has proven to be a powerful platform and tool to generate useful baseline data. Furthermore, participating in a citizen-science project can also promote environmental awareness. Members of the public can download the global and freely available Marine Debris Tracker app to record litter data across the region, connect with other like-minded people, and be part of the solution. Data collected will increase our understanding of the litter issue in Northland and inform decision makers to better prevent and mitigate the adverse effects on litter on ecosystems and human health. Here, we are presenting the results of 248 surveys conducted at 132 sites across the region from March 2019 to March 2021.
Marissa Kaloga
A first look at inclusivity in Dunedin’s entrepreneurial ecosystem 
11:00am - 11:30am, 5 October

The 2010’s saw New Zealand’s highest-ever levels of income and wealth inequality. High economic inequality has been correlated in multiple countries with negative downstream effects such as higher rates of suicide, homelessness, and infant mortality. One way to support a reversal of wealth inequality is through entrepreneurship in low decile neighbourhoods and with marginalized populations. For this to be successful, localities need to be responsive and accessible to diverse populations, particularly via entrepreneurial support organizations. In order to understand how Dunedin is supporting diverse entrepreneurs, I asked the following questions: What organizations in Dunedin are supporting entrepreneurship and small business development, and who are they serving? How are these organizations connected with one another? I used snowball sampling to identify organizations and programs that support entrepreneurs in Dunedin, and interviewed key stakeholders of these organizations using semi-structured interviews with a series of open ended questions. In addition, I asked them to complete a name generator instrument to provide social network data on what other organizations they know of and/or work with. The resulting data set provides a first look at which services are available, and how inclusive they are of all potential entrepreneurs in Dunedin. Bio: Dr. Marissa Kaloga is a lecturer in the Department of Social and Community Work at the University of Otago. Her research focuses on women’s financial inclusion and economic justice, examining strategies to support family and community. Through her mixed-methods research in Africa, Asia, and the U.S. she has worked with vulnerable and marginalized populations including sex workers, refugees, and women in extreme poverty.
Tanya Newman
Online social work education in Te Tai Tokerau – what works for our people, in our place, in 2020 and beyond?
2:00pm - 2:30pm, 5 October

Tanya Newman is a senior social work lecturer at NorthTec Tai Tokerau Wānanga. Her background is in facilitation, social movement education, community organising, and feminist non-profit service provision. 

Online education is often touted as an appropriate learning medium for our times. In 2015, it was decided the fourth year of the NorthTec Tai Tokerau Wānanga social work degree would be delivered entirely online. This was largely due to external pressures –the regulatory body made a mandatory shift for social work degrees to be delivered over four years instead of three, and Studylink limited student allowances for students over 40. Most of our students are on low-incomes, some live considerable distances from our main delivery site, and, at the time, tended to be mature students. Therefore, staff were concerned about the financial impact these changes would have on our students. The decision to ‘go online’ was intended to reduce travel costs and increase flexibility, so that fourth year students could more easily juggle study alongside paid work and family commitments. Also, as 60% of our students whakapapa Māori, having the ability to study from home, in the context of whānau, hapū and iwi, was seen as advantageous. As 2019 was the first time we had a fourth year cohort, this was our first year of online delivery. 

This presentation reflects on how the year went, and shares the results of a mixed-method research project that documents our students experience of learning online. The voices of our students will be present throughout the presentation, as we learn what worked for them, what didn’t, and hear their recommendations about the learning delivery that works best for our place and people, here in Te Tai Tokerau.
Dr Maggie Buxton
Creatively Using Technology in Communities
12:00pm - 12:30pm, 5 October

Dr Maggie Buxton has extensive international experience in facilitation, training and cross boundary collaboration and learning. This includes work with eco-village communities in West Africa, Latin America and North East Scotland; social enterprises in the UK; experimental designers and artists in Brussels; climate change initiatives in Beijing and Singapore and large political institutions and corporates across Europe. Maggie is also a creative practitioner and producer with special expertise in emerging technologies such as augmented reality and geo-locative mobile applications. Her cross-cultural practice involves collaboration with indigenous organisations (iwi/tribal groups), senior/elder institutions, migrant groups, activists, entrepreneurs and experimental artists. Maggie currently works as a freelance trainer, consultant and producer building capacity and creating projects within the creative technology area.

Communities today are formed by dynamically changing networks of intelligences, identities, objects, signals and code. Through a variety of devices relationships live and die, empires are built, crimes are committed and communities created, enriched, monitored and disrupted. Multiple realities exist in parallel – sometimes relating, sometimes not. A contemporary issue in Community Development is how to best to support the spirit of people and their places in these disruptive, chaotic and complex contexts? 

In my presentation I will discuss some potential methods illustrated by case studies from AwhiWorld. AwhiWorld is a spiritual practice; a community development initiative; a social enterprise and a site-specific creative technology production company. It emerged out of almost 30 years of mainstream development practice and PhD research into using creative technologies to support the spirit of people and place. 

I begin by setting out what ‘spirit of place’ may mean today and challenges in understanding, let alone supporting this concept. Illustrated by case studies, I then discuss my particular practice and the implications of engaging in this way within mainstream community development. In my presentation I will point to future developments in technology that may help or hinder work in the community development field.
Hanna Nel
The power of asset-based community-led development (ABCD) in building sustainable communities in South Africa
4:30pm - 5:00pm, 5 October

Hanna Nel, professor in Social Work at the University of Johannesburg, is a rated researcher on national level in South Africa,  who's research focus is on community development and specifically asset-based community-led development in terms of aspects such as leadership, power and sustainability.  

Asset-based community-led development (ABCD) as a paradigm and approach shows evidence of success in addressing the many challenges facing South African communities. To explore the effect and nature of ABCD in South African, an exploratory, descriptive and contextual strategy of inquiry was undertaken within a qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 12 ABCD-sensitised community interventions in marginalised, deprived communities in four provinces in South Africa. Results showed that ABCD practices enabled communities to lead their own development by co-investing their own assets, and leveraging their assets with resources from external agencies. Money did not drive their interventions, but rather an appreciation that they had assets, strengths and capabilities that needed to be audited, galvanised and invested in their development. Community members’ active engagement led to consciousness changes from a poverty-influenced mind-set to citizens who created and drove their projects. Organisations that drove development transferred power from them as managers and leaders to community members in the creation of independent self-reliant citizens. Community members shared local leadership, initiatives was embedded in the African philosophy of Ubuntu, and relationships amongst community members and with the organisations that facilitated development was based on trust. 
Bobby Newport
What are the early sport and play experiences of elite New Zealand Hockey players from rural and regional communities?
3:30pm - 4:00pm, 5 October

Senior Academic Staff Member - NorthTec Sport and Recreation. Has been teaching Sport and Recreation for the past 11 years, specialising in Athlete Development and Skill Acquisition. Has a keen passion for youth sport and developing a life long passion for physical activity.

Abstract The topic of athlete development attracts strong interest within high performance sport both globally and within New Zealand. A range of athlete development models exist and there are a number of contributing factors to athlete development. However, the foundations of an athlete’s development are formed through their early developmental experiences. The purpose of this study is to explore the early sport and play experiences of elite New Zealand hockey players from rural and regional communities. In its examination of how smaller communities contribute to the development of New Zealand’s top athletes, this research has a particular focus on the athletes’ early sport experiences, early play experiences, and the people around them as they grew and developed. This qualitative descriptive study employs semi-structured interviews to gather data from eight current and former New Zealand international hockey players. Data was analysed both deductively and inductively through a process of thematic analysis. The analysis process identified six dominant themes including: 1) Diverse range of sports played; 2) Young for the team; 3) Types of play; 4) Roaming and responsibility; 5) Overcoming challenges; 6) Support. The findings of this study indicate that early sampling of a range of sports with later specialisation was part of a pathway to success for the participants of this study. This finding strongly supports Côté and colleagues’ ‘Developmental Model of Sport Participation (DMSP)’ (Côté, 1999; Côté, Murphy-Mills, & Abernethy, 2012). Surrounded by a physical, social and cultural environment that supported large amounts of roaming and responsibility alongside unstructured, outdoor, risky play experiences, the participants of this study clearly profited from these early developmental experiences to become successful athletes. 
Sophia Xiao-Colley
The healing power of the human body as a natural ecosystem
11:30am - 12:00pm, 6 October

Sophia trained in China as a medical doctor with both traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine knowledge in 1993-1998. She has studied the Rongoa Maori in 2016. When combining the traditional wisdom and the modern developments, she drowns a conclusion that the human body is a natural ecosystem which has the power to heal itself.

Empowering the community that they can take charge of their body and their health status. Because the body as a natural ecosystem can heal itself when we provided with the right conditions, such as natural diet, upright posture, enough rest, regular exercise, and peaceful mind. Every human body is a unique ecosystem with the different microbe. Balance is the key to health. Healing journey starts at being yourself, loving yourself, and doing your best. Our thoughts can influence the ecosystem which includes our own body. All treatment are interventions for the body ecosystem only. The body is one that heals itself. There are researches on the body’s healing power through the Relaxation Response, the placebo and nocebo effects, the gut-brain-axis etc. 
Elianor Gerrard
Beyond boom, bust and coal dust.
10:30am - 11:00am, 6 October

Elianor Gerrard is a PhD candidate at the School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology (QUT). She holds a Bachelor of International Development and a Graduate Certificate in Community Development. Prior to research, Elianor worked in education, communications and programs for not-for-profits in Australia and overseas.

Transition to a low-carbon economy is a necessity if the global community wants to avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change. Such transition infers significant social, technological, economic and political change, with obvious ethical dimensions to consider. In response to the ethical aspects of transition, the concept of a ‘just transition’ (JT) is gaining traction. JT argues that social justice issues need to be considered in climate change and environmental protection policies. In labour union circles, JT refers specifically to workers, and ‘their communities’ (localities), tied to fossil fuel production, advocating for social protection as industry closes.
Currently there is limited empirical understanding of who constitutes community and understanding of the lived experience of community stakeholders in regions undergoing JTs is scant. Prevailing policy focus is on workers, with ‘community’ an assemblage not yet considered in depth. Methods: This presentation explores community stakeholders’ lived experience of transition, surfacing local views on issues of justice. It is a constructivist, exploratory case study using in-depth interview data from community stakeholders in two former/current coal-power producing regions in Australia. Analysis uses grounded theory methods.
While external political and media bodies had labelled the regions’ coal power stations closures as ‘just transitions’, the term did not resonate with community experience. Justice was a loaded, fraught and contested subject for the communities, as both have pronounced pre-existing social inequalities. Issues of regional identity, social values and fragmentation arose as key influencing themes. 
Batholomew James
Effects of Campus Based HIV, AIDS and STDs Prevention and Intervention on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of College Students in Pampanga Philippines.
12:30pm - 1:30pm 5 October

Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAPs) is one of pillars in the fight against HIV/AIDS and it stands to be the very best useful tools to evaluate and assess individual or community before implementing an intervention program. Young people are the most vulnerable in getting infected because of their engagement to risky sexual practices due to inadequate and lack of information regarding HIV/AIDS. However, evaluating their KAPs during the pre-test helped in designing the appropriate intervention and preventive measures to increase their knowledge towards HIV/AIDS.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of campus-based HIV, AIDS and STIs prevention and intervention lectures on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of college students among the three (3) selected higher institutions in Pampanga, Philippines and to implement the appropriate intervention measure. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and non- experimental research method utilizing a self-administered questionnaire based on the AIDS Indicator Survey Model with some indicators from the National HIV/AIDs Prevention Program for Young Guide with prior consent from the World Health Organization (WHO). The study was carried out on 565 students aged 18-24. A campus-based intervention program was designed to help increase the KAPs of the students. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Science® (SPSS). Quantitative variables were summarized by median and interquartile range (IQR), or by mean and standard deviation (SD). The Chi-Squared test of association of variables was used to determine association between levels of knowledge with attitudes and practices. The Chi-Squared test were likewise used to determine if there were variation of KAP between males and females and Walks test were used to determine if there is a difference in KAP scores. After which, a t-test were used to determine which among the types of tests actually differed between pre-test and post. The respondent’s age was categorized into three groups, 18–20, 20–22, and 22–24 years. The MANOVA test was done to determine if KAPs variations existed so that the error of rejecting of a true Null hypothesis stays small. Finally, to measure the effect of the health promotion video link, Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was used. This study went through several ethical review processes by the AUF Ethics Review Board before it was approved. The results were likewise verified and approved by the University Psychometrician.
RESULTS: All respondents are aware of HIV/AIDS, but the sources of the information vary. Television is highest source of information. Their main reason for using social media is to connect and communicate with people and friends. Only 2 (0.4%) use social media to find someone to date, 4 (0.7%) use it to find someone for one-night stand, and only 7 (1.2%) use it to foster companionship. If the sums of the knowledge scores are categorized according to “low” (50% and below), “moderate” (51-74%) and “high” (75% and above), the mean score of knowledge increased from 7.04 to 11.44 after the intervention. Attitude mean score increased from 2.95 of pre-test to 4.67 while practice mean score (3.23 to 3.02) have no significant difference after the intervention seminar. The knowledge and attitude mean scores after intervention seminar marked an improvement. There was no significance observed in terms of practice related to HIV, AIDS and STDs. With regard to STDs, there was significant improvement on knowledge.
CONCLUSION: The knowledge, attitude and practices of the respondents were low from the pre-test result, but increased significantly after the intervention and those with adequate knowledge were more likely to display positive attitude towards PLWHIV. 
Cissy Rock
Tell us what you want, what you really, really want
2:30pm - 3:30pm, 6 October

Cissy Rock is an experienced facilitator, a keen community developer and advanced trainee with the Auckland Psychodrama Training Centre. Cissy is part of www.communitythink.nz and is known for her sense of humour, big heart and love of cinnamon brioche. 

Imagine spending an entire month on the road visiting an array of cities and towns in Aotearoa – asking the question “who do you want to reach out to in your community but find it hard to?”, as part of Neighbours Day Aotearoa Cissy did exactly that.

The kaupapa of Neighbours Day Aotearoa is to encourage people to get to know your neighbours better! It is as simple as that!  https://www.neighboursday.org.nz/ 

Discover what works for people when engaging with their neighbours and people in their communities. Uncover what lies at the heart of why people find it hard to engage with difference.  Bring your life experience into this workshop and together we will explore and create inclusive engagement.  This will be as interactive as possible in an online format. 
Sjimmy Fransen
Transformation and liberation: Experiences of a 1980’s Detached Youth Worker in Aotearoa
3:00pm - 3:30pm, 6 October

Sjimmy Fransen (Suriname Creole/Dutch) youth work, community development, community economic development, community engagement and health promotion practice history. Health Sciences graduate, publisher. Current position: Community Engagement Manager.
In Aotearoa, New Zealand during the 1980s political movement, Māori as tangata whenua lifted up Te Tiriti O Waitangi (1840) and demanded recognition of their sovereignty and radical change that challenged the bedrock of Pākehā New Zealand society. By now the ongoing issues of colonisation were being obscured by those of mass Māori urban migration where the reality of relocating and living as Māori in the city was becoming apparent. It was out of this critical period of political resistance from the ashes of racism, inequality and injustice, and importantly aspirations for emancipation and change, that Detached Youth Work (DYW) was introduced. Experiences as a DYW are presented that touch on the central concerns and thinking of the time to highlight the need for continued hypervigilance within the Community Development and Youth work practice space. Presenter Bio: Sjimmy Fransen (Suriname Creole/Dutch) youth work, community development, community economic development, community engagement and health promotion practice history. Health Sciences graduate, publisher. Current position: Community Engagement Manager.
Shamsher Chohan
Stand by Me
9:00am - 10:00am, 6 October

Shamsher is passionate about challenging inequalities/discrimination in communities and has been a founding member of several regional/national organisations and Chair of the UK wide Community Development Exchange for 4 years. She co-founded Communities Inc as an innovative social business in 2011 with the aim of building stronger cohesive communities. The workshop will focus on Stand by Me, developed to empower communities to tackle hate incidents using safe and simple bystander interventions. 
Ngairo Tahere
2019 Ngāti Manu BioBlitz: A win-win for Mātauranga Māori and western science
9:00am - 9:30am, 6 October

Ngairo Te Wehenga Tahere: Ko au te whenua ko te whenua ko au. Ngairo is Ngāti Manu Hapū Māngai rep for Russell Forest, Pōkai o Ngāti Manu Biodiversity Management working under Te Kāhui Kaitiaki o Ngāti Manu mō Te Awatapu o Taumārere and Karetū Māori Committee as directed for the future growth, progress, and development of Ngāti Manu. In April 2018, Ngairo began her 10 year commitment returning to the ahikā (home) to work and engage in the aspirations and strategic priorities of Ngāti Manu.
Dai Morgan: Dai is an Environmental Management tutor at NorthTec in Whangarei. His interests include wildlife management, ornithology and urban ecology. Dai is passionate about community-led conservation, which allows people to take ownership of and protect the areas they are most connected to.
Olivier Ball: Olivier is a tutor in Environmental Management at NorthTec, Whangarei, where he teaches ecology, conservation science, data analysis and research. He has also participated in several collaborative research projects, most significantly, a detailed study of invertebrate communities within the North Cape-Te Paki biodiversity hotspot in northern Northland. He loves a good BioBlitz.

The ancestral lands of Ngāti Manu, located in the Karetu Valley in Northland, New Zealand, were the site of a BioBlitz in October 2019, the first of three such events. I te 2019, i Oketopa mai te maramataka o Ohua ki Oturu, he tūnga mō te BioBlitz kei te mana papatupu o Ngāti Manu i te whārua o Karetū i Peiwhairangi o Aotearoa.

This is part of a collaborative project led by members of the hapū involving several local and national organisations. 
Ko Pōkai o Ngāti Manu he hinonga o Ngāti Manu nā tēnei whakatakanga ki ētahi atu rōpū kaiwhakahaere a-rohe, a-motu rānei mahi tahi ai.

The goal of a bioblitz is to document all species encountered within a specified area in order to understand the biodiversity that resides there. The planning for three BioBlitz projects over the next three years was in consultation with the Māori calendar (moon phases) or Mātauranga Māori to inform best practices around Tāne, Tangaroa and Papatūānuku.
Ko te whainga mātua o te BioBlitz, nō mai i ngā mauhanga tonu o ngā momo rauropi ki te takiwā kei te whārua o Karetū, me marama pū e pā ana ki ngā whakapapa kanorau koiora e noho kāinga ana. E ai ki te maramataka ki ngā tikanga mahi o te BioBlitz e pā ana ki a Tāne rātou ko Tangaroa, ko Papatūānuku nei rā te wā tika, te wāhi pai, te wānanga ako.

The effects of European colonisation, including assimilation and the degradation of the natural environment have had a devastating effect on the wellbeing of the tangata whenua, and have created barriers for Māori in their ancestral obligations as kaitiaki. 
E hia kē mai ngā iwi taketake o Aotearoa e mōhio pū ana ki te kino o te tāmitanga a tētahi iwi mātua, nā ngā ture me āna uaratanga ki tōna reo me ōna tikanga a te iwi taketake o Aotearoa i whakapākehā, nā ngā ture me āna uaratanga ki te kakahu o Papatūānuku i whakapūwhenua. Inā te awenga e ikitia ana te oranga o te mana whenua e ārai nei e te mana whenua ki tōna haepapatanga ki tōna papatupu hei kaitiaki.

As a whānau, the BioBlitz is seen as an important initial step in the process of correcting this situation. E ai ki a Ngāti Manu, nā Ngāti Manu, mā Ngāti Manu ki tēnei tukanga o te Bioblitz he hononga a whānau e whakahaere, e whakaārahi.

As well as members of the local hapū, NorthTec students and independent individuals, volunteers in the first bioblitz in October 2019 included staff from NorthTec, the Northland Regional Council, University of Auckland, Auckland Museum, Whitebait Connection, Enviro Schools and Forest and Bird, many with skills in identifying birds, herpetofauna, mammals, fish, terrestrial invertebrates, freshwater invertebrates and plants. Ka mana te kōkiri a ētahi o Ngāti Manu, a ētahi akonga mai Northtec, a ngā tūao ki ngā mahi Bioblitz arā rātou ko ngā kaiako mai Northtec, he tangata mai a Northland Regional Council, a Auckland University, a Auckland Musuem, a Whitebait Connection, a Enviro Schools, a Forest and Bird hoki. Kei i a tangata he pukenga ki te tāutuhia i ngā momo manu, momo mokoweri, momo ika, ngai kīrehe, momo tuaiwi-kore, momo whai tuaiwi, momo whāngote anō hoki.

Many taxa were recorded during the three-day BioBlitz including several significant species. Kei ngā rangi e toru, maha ake ngā momo rōpū i mauhanga, a tae atu ana ki ngā momo rōpū hiranga.

The BioBlitz provided a unique opportunity for all participants to enhance, embrace and embed their knowledge of both Mātauranga Māori and western science, and assisted Ngāti Manu in their goal of assessing the health and wellbeing of their takiwā. Nā te whakatakanga mai a te BioBlitz he whiwhinga mā te huinga katoa ki ngā Mātauranga Māori me te western science e tītike, e pūpuri, whakararau ai. I te mutunga iho, nā Ngati Manu, mā Ngāti Manu e ai ki a Ngāti Manu ki Te Herenga o Ngāti Manu.

Ultimately, it is hoped that this will help Ngāti Manu to exercise rangatiratanga and kaitiakitanga over their whenua, awa and moana in accordance with their tikanga. Tuia ki te muka tangata, ka rongo te pō, ka rongo te ao, tuia ki te here tangata i takea mai, Whano! Whano! Haramai te toki, Haumi e, hui e, taiki e

Can Yasmut
It all starts with the Community
11:30am - 12:30pm, 5 October

Can Yasmut is the Executive Officer of the Local Community Services Association LCSA, the peak body for Neighbourhood Centres in NSW. In previous roles he worked for the Upper Mountains Youth Services, the St. George Migrant Resource Centre, the Blackheath Area Neighbourhood Centre, the Mountains Community Resource Network and for ANTaR NSW (Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation). He has a passion for challenging equity and social justice issues affecting our community and believes that neighbourhood centres and community development play a vital role in our civic society through community management, their ability to facilitate cross-cultural understanding and through engaging their community in shaping their future.

Getting from a Theory of Change to actual “Community-led Change” involves an authentic approach to community engagement that is not driven by any agenda other than the community’s own aspirations. To this end the Public Innovation approach to Community Engagement differs from many known methodologies. It is embedded in community development practices with the key aspect that Public Innovation gathers community knowledge through community conversations, assesses the Stage of Community Life (considering social capital factors), and targets that nexus between Community Knowledge and Expert Knowledge (data, research, policy) as the ‘sweet spot’ where community-led action is most effective. 
Baz Caitcheon
Smartphone Video workshop
10:30am - 11:30am, 5 October

The 50 minute smartphone video Zoom will instruct viewers in how to get credible results using just their phone to shoot, edit and publish a short interview-driven visualised video.
Kym Hamilton

Tātau, mātou e: Challenges for Iwi organisations, Māori communities and agencies in planning for regional recovery and regeneration?
11:00am - 11:30am, 6 October

The purpose of this paper is to review the Matariki Strategy for Economic development and Social Inclusion Action plan and its application to regional planning and whānau, hapū, iwi, Māori community priorities. We also sought to highlight some of the regional regeneration challenges and the processes and tools that may improve the quality of regional recovery and regeneration for Te Matau A Maui. This is a case study output for the Pa Harakeke Thriving Regions National Science Challenge.
Isadora Lewis
Stories from Adults living with SM throughout education
3:30pm - 4:00pm, 6 October

A presentation of a year long research undertaken for masters thesis exploring the lived experiences of adults who lived with the effect of Selective Mutism and their experiences throughout education. The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of adults who have lived with Selective Mutism (SM) throughout their lives, with a focus given to their experience of education and support services. The method that was used in the research was collecting stories via online engagement making use of social media platforms, as to allow participants to have open ended stories. Relying further on a thematic analysis to draw correlation of common themes and also the creation of the Selective Mutism Spectrum (SMS). The implications of the findings of the research brings attention to adults who had experienced living with Selective Mutism past the age that is suggested in theories and also that this remains a life long issue though initially seen in education. By participant recommendations mean that there is still a need to therapeutic diagnosis and intervention, though is can be achieved easily whilst still at school.
Allan McEvoy
Teaching colonisation to Pākehā without provoking backlash
3:30pm - 4:00pm, 6 October

Allan McEvoy is a Pakeha lecturer/social worker from south Auckland who has 30+ years of experience in mental health and disability support social work settings, alongside being a trainer (for ADHB) in specialist areas of mental health support and management of tangata whaiora presenting with high and complex needs.

This presentation explores and responds to the underpinnings of white fragility in the adult  classroom, namely the discomfort and resistance provoked among Pākehā when  facing the realities of colonisation in Aotearoa and the racist society and   governance structures this process has bequeathed modern New Zealand; both   within the apparatus of state and in less formalized social strata. It outlines  strategies successfully used by the author, as tauiwi, and a colleague who is tangata  whenua, when we collaborated to teach a class on the subject as Ti Tiriti partners and reports on interviews with students who evidence their learning and growth in the classroom, applied beyond the classroom as well. Findings are applicable to a range of educational contexts attempting to address what we as a nation are going through in honestly facing the past as a means of creating better futures for Māori, Pākehā and all tauiwi. 
Anthea Raven, Tanya Newman & Amadonna Jakeman
Study on Student Material Hardship
1:30pm - 2:30pm, 6 October

The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of material hardship and deprivation amongst akonga enrolled in the Bachelor of Applied Social Work Degree and the Bachelor of Nursing Studies at Tai Tokerau Wananga (NorthTec Polytechnic). The wananga is located within Tai Tokerau rohe (Northland Region) which is characterised by a cultural richness imbued by mana whenua (indigenous people) status but low in socio-economic resources. Using a mixed method approach akonga participated in an online survey questionnaire based on the DEP-17 index which is designed by the government to measure a series of non-income standard of living items. Qualitative data was obtained from a small group of randomly selected students who were interviewed kanohi ki te kanohi (face-to-face) using a semi structured questionnaire. Analysis of the data shows clear patterns of material hardship and deprivation along with psychological stress. The findings were consistent with previous studies and showed students employed similar coping strategies. The findings of the study are intended as a basis for highlighting student circumstances and to further explore ways in which hardships can be feasibility addressed within the social work and nursing programmes.
John Stansfield
Pūrākau: Our world is made of stories
12:00pm - 12:30pm, 6 October

John Stansfield (b.1958) is a serial social entrepreneur. He is currently acting Associate Director Products and Delivery and Head of Pathways for Community and Social Services at NorthTec Institute of Technology in Whangārei, New Zealand. John has worked extensively in the NGO sector in advocacy and leadership positions and has campaigned on sustainable-development issues for several decades. He recently retired as Vice President of the International Association for Community Development, IACD, and its Director Oceania. He serves as the President of the Aotearoa Community Development Association, ACDA. He is also Editor of Whanake, The Pacific Journal of Community Development. John holds a Master in International and Intercultural Management (MIIM, 1999) from SIT Vermont, USA, with a major in sustainable development; a Postgraduate Diploma in NGO Management and Leadership (NLM, 1997) from SIT, BRAC Bangladesh, and a Bachelor of Social Work and Social Policy (BSW, 1983) from Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. He has recently completed a Postgraduate Diploma in Bicultural Professional Supervision at Te Wānanga O Aotearoa.

Pūrākau or storytelling is a traditional form not just of transmitting ideas but also creating identity and shared meaning. Contemporary scholars have a utilised Pūrākau as a research method and tool for decolonisation. In this presentation the method is  examined and applied to contemporary community development in the suburb of Raumanga in Whangarei NZ. The presenter reflects on the tension between doing and waiting and the relationship between stories, place and identity as precursors to community development.
Katijah Dawood
THK Family Connectors
10:30am - 11:00am, 6 October

Using an awards system, the families in the community are brought together to support each other. There are seven domains; namely Giving Back, Healthy Living, Family Bonding, Power Parenting, Ace That, Nail That Job and Money Matters.  Members are given points when they participate in each activity.  They will collect the points over a year and come together at the end of the year to celebrate their achievements.

The program has been running since 2013.  Members now plan their program with little support from social workers based in the localized Family Service Centre.  Members are recruited through the client database at the Family Service Centre and outreach.  In 2020, mobile outreach was carried out in five different regions in Singapore to recruit members for the program.  Due to the pandemic (Covid 19), all activities are carried online.  In 2021, the programme is being redesigned to create awareness, recruit and award members through mobile applications.
Irshad Ahmad
Tolerant Pakistan
4:00pm - 4:30pm, 5 October

Documented and produced by Iraj Education & Development Foundation to create “inter-sect harmony through engagement of mosque imams” from various sects in same district. 
Click to View This Session Recording
Irshad Ahmad
Girls Bike to School
4:30pm - 5:00pm, 5 October

Girls Bike to School is documented by BBC on our project of Girls Bike to School Project in village 339/EB, Tehsil Arifwala, district Pakpattan, Punjab, Pakistan language of Girls Bike to School is Urdu but also translated in other languages too. 
Rose Archer
Ending Violence, Short Impact Documentary
12:00pm - 12:30pm, 6 October

The team behind Ending Violence (Sandani Wijetunge and Rose Archer) work together to create documentaries that higlight inspiring activism on our most pressing social issues. We participated in the IACD Global Conference in Auckland in 2017 with our short documentary Beautiful Democracy. Sandani and Rose also both work with the social development and violence prevention space in Aoteroa. Sandani is working at Oranga Tamariki as part of the Mokopuna Ora project, to create a safer and more racially just system for young people and their famalies. Rose works as a violence prevention educator with young people.

Ending Violence takes an intimate look at the lives of preschoolers Martin and Anele as they learn social and emotional skills that will help them to build a future free-er from violence. Though this lens this short documentary explores the urgent need for comprehensive social and emotional learning in early childhood education all around the world. You can watch the trailer here: http://www.endingviolence.co.nz/about/ Ending Violence is a hopeful and uplifting film, that showcases a creative solution the pressing challenge of endemic violence. We would love to bring this film to the Community Development Conference in April 2021, along with a Q&A with us, the filmmakers, to talk about social and emotional learning as a tool for violence prevention in communaties in Aoteroa. 
Angie Dang
Academic achievement and student demography and at NorthTec Social Services Bachelor Degree Program- A quantitative inquiry
12:30pm - 1:00pm, 5 October

This report on a quantitative inquiry into the academic achievement and student demography in an undergraduate social work degree at Northtec. It aims to identify major demographic trends in the said student population and illuminate major features of the student demographics and their correlations with academic achievements. Student enrolment and academic achievement data, including grade and fail/ pass across provided papers from 2006 to 2019 were analysed. Trend and correlational analyses were performed to address the research aim. Significant changes in student demography and strong correlations between a number of student demographic factors and academic achievements are observed. Remarkably, results show Maori students and students from low socio-economic areas are the most disadvantaged in term of academic achievements. This study supports existing literature documenting the under achievement of ethnic minorities and the poor. It calls for changes in programme delivery and student support at NorthTec to respond better to the needs of Maori students and students from low socio-economic areas.
António Patrāo
10:00am - 10:30am, 6 October

Forest Engineer by University of Lisbon; Phd Candidate on Territory, Risk and Public Policies, by University of Coimbra. Expert on Fire Management, with international experience, works for the Portuguese Agency for Rural Fire Integrated Management; the mainly focus of his work and research interests is community empowerment and development, based on fire management. Co-founder of the Portuguese International Association of Emergency Management.

FIRE PHOTOVOICE This film is part of the Phd study of António Patrão (ongoing). It documents the use of photovoice methodology as part of a collaborative process for community empowerment (bottom-up) and stakeholder's engagement on integrated fire management. In Portugal, rural fires are the major natural risk. In the last two decades, rural fires became bigger and more severe, intensified by climate changes, rural depopulation, poor forests management, and also for the communities low skills on fire management. In Portugal, rural fires are a social problem. In 2017, 116 people were killed by rural fires. Engaging stakeholders and empowering communities on fire management and rural development are key points for the solution of this problem The film was shot in Lagoa community, Santo Isidoro parish, Mafra municipality, Portugal. Mafra is a rural countryside where agriculture, sheeps and surf cohabit. Rural-urban interface is growing by the arrival of new inhabitants who come from cities. Rural fires are a permanent threat. 
Sue Vaughan
Developing a strong school community: What really matters?
4:00pm - 4:30pm, 5 October

Sue Vaughan is a gradate of the Bachelor of Applied Social Services degree from NorthTec. After completing this degree, Sue worked for seven years for Ngāpuhi Iwi Social Services, firstly as a Social Worker in Schools (SWiS) and later the Team Leader of eight SWiS. Durng this time, Sue also completed a Master of Applied Social Work. Sue has recently returned to NorthTec as a tutor on the Bachelor of Applied Social Work programe.

Attending school is not the same as being engaged in the school community. In the context of this research, a school community was definded as all students, teaching and support staff and both immediate and extended family members. In Aotearoa New Zealand, our Ministry of Education records attendance and uses this to make a correlation to student success. What is not considered is the importance and relevance the school community has on the student’s ability and capacity to be active participants in their school community and to be successful learners. This qualitative research study examined the perspectives of six primary school teachers in Whangārei to identify factors that, in their view, were likely to contribute to student participation and success. In this study, success was not defined as performance based in standardised testing, but on student’s ability and capacity to participate and engage in their school community. Semi-structurred individual interviews were used to explore the experiences, observations and real world examples of these teachers. Using thematic analysis, the findings of the research highlighted three key contributory factors: access to resources; relationships; and student behaviour. The findings led to recommendations to improve, extend or develop strategies of how students can be actively engaged in school communities which can lead to improved engagement and participation. Sue Vaughan is a gradate of the Bachelor of Applied Social Services degree from NorthTec. After completing this degree, Sue worked for seven years for Ngāpuhi Iwi Social Services, firstly as a Social Worker in Schools (SWiS) and later the Team Leader of eight SWiS. Durng this time, Sue also completed a Master of Applied Social Work. Sue has recently returned to NorthTec as a tutor on the Bachelor of Applied Social Work programe.
David Kenkel
Community Development in a Fractured Future
10:00am - 10:30am, 6 October

David Kenkel Senior Lecturer – Social Practice Academic and Professional Qualifications • Currently undertaking Phd study through the Taos Institute • MA (Social Policy) 2005 Massey University. • Certificate in Adult teaching and learning 2014 Unitec • Diploma in Community and Social Work 1997 Unitec. • 1985 – 1995 Industry training: Family therapy, Counselling, and Facilitation. • Enrolled Nurse 1980, Green Lane Hospital. David teaches counselling, social work and community development at Unitec in the social practice field while also undertaking a range of other professional roles. These have included: extensive work with domestic violence, a role with UNICEF as the National advocacy manager, a role as senior advisor for the Children’s Commissioner, and private practice with families struggling with multiple difficulties. Alongside teaching, David is also involved in a wide range of community activities, including being the chair of Community Waitakere. Prior to teaching at Unitec, David was a student at Unitec studying social practice. David was born, raised and still lives in West Auckland and is very committed to his local community. He particularly enjoys being able to teach at the Waitakere campus. David’s PhD topic explores how people might live and be differently in a future likely to be considerably more resource poor than the current day.

This presentation explores the implications for community development of a near-term future context of some degree of ecological and societal collapse. The extreme likely-hood of near-term future collapse is well known to most climate / environmental scientists but generally unacknowledged by mainstream academic literature and main stream media. Community development has an important role in both preparing communities for a difficult future and will have an important role in supporting community solidarity amongst fracturing state capacity for social care provision. The challenge of a future self-protective neo-liberally informed global hegemony becoming more punitive will also be explored. 
Steve Tollestrup
The Strategic Board
2:30pm - 3:30pm, 5 October

Steve Tollestrup Director Ploughshare Consulting (www.ploughshare.co.nz). I have worked within both executive NGO leadership and governance serving on community boards , commercial directorships, federated associations in Aotearoa and internationally as well as elected local government boards. I have twenty years experience in running positive and collaborative board training and development workshops. References available.

Governance is key to the strategic growth, development and programme delivery of community based organisations and NGOs. Yet, too often the strategic capacity, the ability to translate knowledge into action, remains under-utilised or dormant through internal dysfunction or neglect. This interactive workshop singles out seven key traits critical for developing effective boards; culture building, identification and guardianship of the organisational vision, needs assessment and intentional trustee recruitment, internal governance performance review, board/executive boundaries, risk management and key performance indicators, networking and representation. This workshop is interactive and collaborative, drawing on participant experience and small group reflection. It intended for chairpersons, officers and other board members as well as organisational management. The workshop uses minimal PowerPoint with handouts provided. Time Allocation 45 minutes - 1 hour. ( May be extended as requested )
Peter Matthewson
Community Development with Rainbow Communities in Africa
3:00pm - 3:30pm, 5 October

Peter Matthewson is a Senior Lecturer in Social Practice at Unitec Institute of Technology. He maintains a keen interest in and involvement with international community development initiatives. Representatives from African community development organisations may also contribute to the presentation.

Life for rainbow(LGBTQIA+) people and communities in a number of countries in Africa is harsh and repressive, with discriminatory and oppressive laws and penal codes, and high levels of homophobia in communities. For example in Uganda male homosexual acts were criminalised under British colonial rule. However in recent years repression has become more severe. In 2000 female homosexuality was criminalised alongside male homosexuality, with a penalty of life imprisonment. Prosecutions, accompanied by “outing” in the media are common, and even when cases ultimately fail for lack of evidence, accused people have also suffered violence and abuse while remanded in custody. In general there are high levels of homophobia in society, and rainbow people experience ostracism from families, eviction from housing and homelessness, discrimination in employment, and severe physical violence including murder. A further complication is that 80% of the Ugandan population is rural; it is somewhat safer and less discriminatory for rainbow peoples in larger cities, however in Uganda much of this oppression occurs in remote rural areas. A community development response to this situation requires immediate crisis response and health, social and legal services for people in immediate desperate need, and community building and strengthening, often in remote areas. Advocacy and activism for social and legal change is also vital. This presentation will explore community development responses in this context, and how the international community can support. 
Wilma Molus
Stories from Awagasi: Reframing our Market Spaces
1:00pm - 1:30pm, 5 October

Wilma Molus is currently a PhD student with the Queensland University of Technology, Creative Industries Faculty, School of Design. She graduated with Bachelor in Education from the University of Goroka and Masters in Communication Studies from the Papua New Guinea University of Technology. Prior to taking up doctoral studies at QUT, she was teaching English for Academic Purposes and Development Communication at the Papua New Guinea University of Technology. Wilma’s professional academic experience comes from years of teaching at different educational levels in Papua New Guinea as well as being a development practitioner in PNG working across different social issues in Papua New Guinea.

Stories from Awagasi: Reframing our Market Spaces Abstract Urban informal markets in settlement communities in the Papua New Guinea have often been seen from a deficit perspective by researchers and journalists. Safety issues, informality and the lack of market infrastructure are often foregrounded providing a limited understanding how people, and vendors in particular, experience the market. However, increasingly studies have reported on urban market vendors as resilient and resourceful as they harness their strengths to provide solutions to market complexities confronting them. Using photography and storytelling, this study sought to explore the personal stories of market vendors of an urban market in Lae city, Papua New Guinea. In a creative workshop ten market vendors captured photographs reflecting their personal narratives, narrated and analysed the photographs and engaged in a community dialogue on policies and practices affecting them. Market vendors shared lessons of crime prevention, generosity, entrepreneurial skills, education, and how they harness social capital within the market space. The results of the study captured indigenous perspectives on addressing market complexities and improving living standards of the market vendors. This paper discusses how the personal stories and photographs of resilience, creativity, innovation produced by market vendors themselves can challenge the dominant view on urban markets in the Pacific. 
David Kenkel
Change and development in Glen Eden – 2017
9:00am - 9:30am, 6 October

Senior Lecturer – Social Practice Academic and Professional Qualifications • Currently undertaking Phd study through the Taos Institute • MA (Social Policy) 2005 Massey University. • Certificate in Adult teaching and learning 2014 Unitec • Diploma in Community and Social Work 1997 Unitec. • 1985 – 1995 Industry training: Family therapy, Counselling, and Facilitation. • Enrolled Nurse 1980, Green Lane Hospital. David teaches counselling, social work and community development at Unitec in the social practice field while also undertaking a range of other professional roles. These have included: extensive work with domestic violence, a role with UNICEF as the National advocacy manager, a role as senior advisor for the Children’s Commissioner, and private practice with families struggling with multiple difficulties. Alongside teaching, David is also involved in a wide range of community activities, including being the chair of Community Waitakere. Prior to teaching at Unitec, David was a student at Unitec studying social practice. David was born, raised and still lives in West Auckland and is very committed to his local community. He particularly enjoys being able to teach at the Waitakere campus. David’s PhD topic explores how people might live and be differently in a future likely to be considerably more resource poor than the current day.

This presentation describes change and development issues facing Glen Eden - (A large suburb in West Auckland). In 2015 to 2017 the Waitakere Ranges Local Board (WRLB) commissioned staff of the Social Practice Department of Unitec to carry out a two-stage report. The first stage looked at material specific to Glen Eden as well as more theoretical information about development, growth and the potential negative impacts of unmanaged rapid gentrification. The second stage included interviews carried out with key stakeholders in Glen Eden. The report made suggestions to the WRLB relating to re-development of the Glen Eden town centre, design and urban policies concerning future intensification of Glen Eden with the aim of ensuring that all citizens, young old, new or long-term, Maori, Pakeha and people of many cultural backgrounds would be included in the cultural and political life of Glen Eden and its surrounding areas. The report recommended a Community Development approach to creating an inclusive charter for future change in Glen Eden. A draft ‘example’ charter was developed by the authors and included in the report.